Chess in 1759
by Bill Wall

Books by Bill Wall
In 1759, Philidor composed the music for Blaise le Savetier (Blaise the Cobbler), a one-act opera comique, which first premiered at the Theatre de l'Opera Comique de la Foire of Saint Germain, Paris, on March 9, 1759. The text was by Michel-Jean Sedaine (1719-1797), based on a work by La Fontaine. The opera had such a run that Philidor abandoned church music, and applied himself wholly to the stage and opera. [source: Allen, The Life of Philidor, 1863, p. 45]

In May 1759, the Wedgwood Manufactory was founded in England. They created porcelain chess sets.

In September 1759 is the earliest reference to chess in Canada. General Sir John Hale (1728-1896) and General James Wolfe (1727-1759) played chess during the taking of Quebec in 1759. [source: "History of Canadian Chess,"]

In 1759, Philidor composed Diligam Te, a motet a grand choeur.

In 1759, Philidor composed the music for the opera comique L'huitre et les plaideurs, ou Le tribunal de la chicane (The Oyster and the Pleaders, or the Court of the Chicane). The text was written by Michel-Jean Sedaine (1719-1797). It premiered at the annual fair of St. Laurent in on September 17, 1759.

In 1759, Leonhard Euler (1707-1783) found the closed knight's tour for traversing all the cells of the chessboard only once. In 1759, Euler wrote the first mathematical paper analyzing the knight's tours. He presented his paper at the Academy of Sciences at Berlin. Because of the Seven Years' War (1756-1763), his paper was not published until 1766. [source: Sandifer, How Euler Did It, 2007, p. 95]

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