Chess in 1819
by Bill Wall

In 1819, Greco on the Game of Chess was translated from the French by William Lewis and published in London.

In 1819, George Cruikshank (1792-1878) sketched “Game of Chess” for the publishing house H. Humphrey. It was a comic engraving of two aristocratic gentlemen playing chess by candlelight. In 1835, he created a color sketch similar to his 1819 sketch. Cruikshank was a British caricaturist and book illustrator who produced over 15,000 drawings during his lifetime. He did book illustrations for his friend Charles Dickens.

In 1819, Archduke Maximilian Joseph of Austria (1782-1863) spent the holidays in England and played chess on most evenings. (source: The London Times, Jan 25, 1819)

In 1819, Jacques Francois Mouret (1787-1837), was one of the hidden operators of The Turk during its tour in England. Later, Mouret sold the secret of The Turk to the press.

In 1819, William Lewis was one of the hidden operators of The Turk.

In 1819, Jose Brunet y Bellet was born in Barcelona. He was a chess writer.

In 1819, John Baptist Allgaier (1763-1823) published detailed analysis of the Allgaier Gambit (1.e4 e5 2.f4 exf4 3.Nf3 g5 4.h4 g4 5.Ng5) in the Neue Anweisung.

On June 27, 1819, Ernest Karl Falkbeer was born in Brunn, Austria (now Brno, Czech Republic). He was a chess master and journalist. He edited The Chess Players’ Magazine.

In July, 1819, The Philidorian Chess Club was formed in Dublin, Ireland.

In September 1819, Charles Stanley was born in Brighton. He was the first chess champion of the United States. He died in 1901.

On November 6, 1819, Jacob Sarratt died impoverished. He was the strongest English player of his day.

Cazenove,John - NN [C33], London, 1819
1.e4 e5 2.f4 exf4 3.Bc4 Bc5 4.d4 Be7 5.Nf3 Bh4+ 6.g3 fxg3 7.0—0 gxh2+ 8.Kh1 Be7 9.Bxf7+ Kxf7 10.Ne5+ Ke8 11.Qh5+ g6 12.Nxg6 Nf6 13.Rxf6 Bxf6 14.Nxh8+ Ke7 15.Qf7+ Kd6 16.Bf4+ Kc6 17.Qd5+ Kb6 18.Qc5+ Ka6 19.Bxc7 Qxc7 20.Qxc7 Nc6 21.Nf7 1—0

Cazenove,John - Tomalin,D [C38], London, 1819
1.e4 e5 2.f4 exf4 3.Nf3 g5 4.Bc4 Bg7 5.d4 Qe7 6.0—0 h6 7.Nc3 c6 8.e5 Qb4 9.Ne4 Bf8 10.Qe2 g4 11.Nd6+ Bxd6 12.exd6+ Kd8 13.Ne5 Rh7 14.c3 f3 15.Qe4 Nf6 16.Qxh7 Nxh7 17.Nxf7+ Ke8 18.Re1+ Kf8 19.Bxh6+ Kg8 20.Re8+ Nf8 21.Ng5+ Qxc4 22.Rxf8# 1—0

Lewis,William - Williams,P [C38], London, 1819
1.e4 e5 2.f4 exf4 3.Nf3 g5 4.Bc4 Bg7 5.d4 d6 6.c3 c6 7.0—0 Qe7 8.Ne1 h5 9.h4 f6 10.Bxg8 Rxg8 11.Qxh5+ Kd8 12.hxg5 fxg5 13.Nf3 Bf6 14.e5 dxe5 15.dxe5 Bxe5 16.Nxe5 Qxe5 17.Bxf4 Qc5+ 18.Rf2 Nd7 19.Bg3 Nf6 20.Qd1+ Bd7 21.b4 Qb6 22.Qd4 Qxd4 23.cxd4 Ne4 24.Rf3 Nxg3 25.Rxg3 a5 26.Ra3 a4 27.Nd2 Be6 28.Ne4 b5 29.Nc5 Bd5 30.Rf1 Ke7 31.Re3+ Kd8 32.a3 Ra7 33.Rf2 Re7 34.Rxe7 Kxe7 35.Rd2 Bc4 36.Kf2 Rf8+ 37.Kg3 Rf5 38.Ne4 Ke6 39.Nc3 Kd6 40.Rd1 Rf4 41.Rd2 Rf1 42.Ne4+ Kd5 43.Nc3+ Ke6 44.Nd1 Bb3 45.Re2+ Kf6 46.Rf2+ Rxf2 47.Nxf2 Ke6 48.Kf3 Bd5+ 49.Ne4 Kf5 50.g4+ Ke6 51.Ke3 Ba2 52.Nxg5+ Kd5 53.Kd3 Bb1+ 54.Kc3 Bg6 55.Nf3 Ke6 56.Ne5 Be8 57.g5 Kf5 58.g6 Kf6 59.Kd3 Bxg6+ 60.Nxg6 Kxg6 61.d5 Kf6 62.Kd4 Ke7 63.dxc6 Kd6 64.c7 Kxc7 65.Kc5 1—0

Lewis,William - Wilson,Harry Slater [C00], London, 1819
1.e4 c5 2.f4 e6 3.Nf3 d5 4.Bb5+ Nc6 5.e5 a6 6.Bxc6+ bxc6 7.d3 Be7 8.c3 Nh6 9.0—0 a5 10.d4 a4 11.Be3 Nf5 12.Qe2 c4 13.Qf2 Rb8 14.Bc1 Rb5 15.Nbd2 c5 16.Re1 h6 17.Nf1 cxd4 18.cxd4 g6 19.Ne3 Rg8 20.Nxf5 gxf5 21.Qc2 Bd7 22.Bd2 Bb4 23.Bc3 Rg4 24.Qd2 Qe7 25.h3 Rg7 26.Qf2 a3 27.Bxb4 Qxb4 28.bxa3 Qxa3 29.Rab1 Qc3 30.Rxb5 Bxb5 31.Rb1 Kd7 32.Rxb5 Qc1+ 33.Ne1 c3 34.Kh2 h5 35.Nd3 Qd1 36.Nb4 Qd2 37.Qf1 Qxd4 38.Rb7+ Kc8 39.Rb8+ Kc7 40.Na6+ Kd7 41.Qb5+ Ke7 42.Qb7# 1—0

Lewis,William - Wilson,Harry Slater [B21], London, 1819
1.e4 c5 2.f4 e6 3.Nf3 d5 4.Bb5+ Bd7 5.Bxd7+ Nxd7 6.e5 Nh6 7.c3 Be7 8.d4 c4 9.0—0 b5 10.Be3 Nf5 11.Qe2 Nxe3 12.Qxe3 h6 13.Nbd2 a5 14.h3 Nf8 15.Nh2 Nh7 16.Qe2 g5 17.f5 exf5 18.Rxf5 0—0 19.Qh5 Ra6 20.Ng4 Qb6 21.Raf1 Qe6 22.R1f3 b4 23.Nf1 bxc3 24.bxc3 Qg6 25.Ng3 Kg7 26.Ne3 Qe6 27.Ng4 Qg6 28.Qxg6+ fxg6 29.Rxf8 Nxf8 30.Ne3 Ne6 31.Nxd5 Ba3 32.Rf6 Bc1 33.Ne4 Nc7 34.Nxc7 Ra7 35.Nd6 Kh7 36.Nde8 Be3+ 37.Kf1 Bd2 38.Rf7+ Kg8 39.e6 Bxc3 40.Nf6+ Kh8 41.Rh7# 1—0

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