Theodore Dunst

by Bill Wall


Theodore ?Ted? Alexander Dunst was born on April 11, 1907 in New York City.


In April 1928, Ted Dunst was one of 15 players to play Akiba Rubinstein (1880-1961) in a simul at the Brooklyn Chess Club.? Dunst was able to draw the master. (source: New York Times, April 24, 1928, p. 21)

In October 1928, Dunst was one of 31 players to play Dr. Emanuel Lasker (1868-1941) in a simul at the Stuyvesant Chess Club in New York.? Dunst lost his game.

In 1929-1930, Dunst took 11th place (3-9 score) in the 13th Marshall Chess Club championship.? The event was won by Rudolf Smirka (1887-1947) on tiebreak over S. Bernstein. (source: Brooklyn Daily Eagle, Jan 30, 1930, p. 23)

In 1931-32, Dunst took 10th-11th place (5-8 score) in the 15th Marshall Chess Club championship.? The event was won by Reuben Fine (1914-1993). (source: Brooklyn Daily Eagle, Apr 7, 1932, p. 26)

In December 1932,, Dunst took 5th-7th place (7.5-5.5 score) ?in the 16th Marshall Chess Club championship. ?The event was won by Reuben Fine.? (source: Chess Review, Jan 1933, p. 24 and Brooklyn Daily Eagle, Dec 29, 1932, p. 20).

In 1933-34, Dunst took 10th place (2.5-8.5 score) in the 17th Marshall Chess Club championship.??? The event was won by Reuben Fine. (source: Brooklyn Daily Eagle, Jan 25, 1934, p. 22)

In 1934-35, Dunst took 7th-8th place (8-6 score) in the 18th Marshall Chess Club championship.? The event was won by Fred Reinfeld. ?(source: Chess Review, Mar 1935, p. 54 and Brooklyn Daily Eagle, Jan 25, 1935)

In 1935-36, Dunst took 8th place (3.5-6.5 score) in the 19th Marshall Chess Club championship.? The event was won by Tony Santasiere. (source: Brooklyn Daily Eagle, Apr 9, 1936, p. 26 and Chess Review, May 1936, p. 115)


In May 1937, Ted Dunst took 2nd-3rd place (8.5-3.5 score) in the 20th Marshall CC championship.? The event was won by Frank Marshall. (source: Chess Review, Jun 1937, p. 127 and Brooklyn Daily Eagle, May 13, 1937)

In 1937-1938, Dunst took 6th place (6-5 score) in the 21st Marshall Chess Club championship.? Frank Marshall and David Polland tied for 1st place (source: Chess Review, Mar 1939, p. 60 and Brooklyn Daily Eagle, Feb 17, 1938, p. 17)

In 1943, Dunst took 3rd-4th in the Marshall Chess Club championship.? The event was won by Anthony Santasiere.

In 1949, Dunst took 2nd-3rd place in the Marshall Chess Club Rapids championship.? The event was won by Larry Evans.

In January 1950, Dunst?s postal rating was 1456.

In November 1950, the first USCF rating list appeared.? Dunst?s rating was 2110.

In 1950-51, Dunst took 9th place in the 34th Marshall Chess Club championship.? The event was won by Milton Hanauer.? (source Chess Review, Mar 1951, p. 69)

In 1951-52, he took 10th-13th place in the 35th Marshall Chess Club championship.? The event was won by Eliot Hearst (1932- ).? (source: Chess Review, p. 68)

In 1953-54, he took 7th-8th place in the 37th Marshall CC championship.?? The event was won by Jack Collins (1912-2001).

In the December 1954 issue of Chess Review, page364, Walter Korn wrote, ?For Decades, Ted ?Wild Bull? Dunst pushed his predilection, 1 N-QB3, the ?Wild Bull,? or more tamely the Queen?s Knight Opening. ?

In 1954-55, he took 6th place in the preliminary section of the 38th Marshall CC championship.? William Lombardy (1937- ) and Frank Howard tied for 1st place.

In 1956-57, he took 5th-7th place in the 40th Marshall CC championship.? The event was won by Sidney Bernstein.? (source: Chess Life, p. 20).

In 1957, Modern Chess Openings, 9th edition, was published by Korn and Collins.? It was the first time that 1.Nc3 was given the name Dunst Opening (p. 353, column 2).

In 1960, Dunst was rated 2230 (Fischer was 2640) and ranked #33 in the nation.

Dunst was a contributing editor to Chess Review magazine in the 1940s and 1950s.

In 1977, Dunst won the Grand National Championship of the Correspondence Chess League of America (CCLA).

The move 1.Nc3 is called the Dunst Opening in the United States.? It probably has more names than any other opening.? It is also called the Baltic Opening, Heinrichsen Opening, Knight on the Left Opening, Kotrc?s Opening, der Linksspringer, Mestrovic Opening, Millard?s Opening, Queen?s Knight Attack, Queen?s Knight Opening, Romanian Opening, Sleipner Opening, van Geet?s Opening, and the Wild Bull.

It may also transpose into? a Sicilian Closed Variation (1.Nc3 c5 2.e4), Center Counter Opening (1.Nc3 d5 2.e4), Vienna (1.Nc3 e5 2.e4), French (1.Nc3 e6 2.e4), or Queen Pawn Opening (1.Nc3 d5 2.d4).

1.Nc3 was first mentioned in the first edition of ?Bilguer ? Handbuch des Schachspiels? by Tassilo von Heydebrand und der Lasa in 1843.

The first recorded game of 1.Nc3 may be by Lionel Kieseritzky (1806-1853) against Desloges, France 1847.

The game Napoleon-Madame de Remusat, Malmaison Castle 1804 is probably a hoax.? Other sources say that Napoleon was Black in this game and lost.

Napoleon- Madame de Remusat, Malmaison Castle 1804

1.Nc3 e5 2.Nf3 d6 3.e4 f5 4.h3 fxe4 5.Nxe4 Nc6 6.Nfg5? (6.d4) 6?d5 7.Qh5+ g6 8.Qf3 Nh6? (8?Bf5) 9.Nf6+ Ke7 10.Nxd5+ Kd6 11.Ne4+ Kxd5 12.Bc4+ Kxc4 13.Qb3+ Kd4 14.Qd3 mate? 1-0


Henry Blackburne played it against Noa in London 1883 and won.


Blackburne ? Noa, London 1883

1. Nc3 d5 2. e3 Nc6 3. Nf3 e5 4. Bb5 Bg4 5. h3 Bxf3 6. Qxf3 Nf6 7. d4 e4 8. Qe2 Bb4 9. O-O O-O 10. Bxc6 bxc6 11. Nd1 Nd7 12. c4 Be7 13. Nc3 Nb6 14. c5 Nd7 15. Qa6 f5 16. Qxc6 Rf6 17. Qxd5+ Kh8 18. f3 c6 19. Qc4 exf3 20. Rxf3 Qe8 21. Bd2 Qh5 22. Raf1 Raf8 23. Ne2 g5 24. Ng3 Qg6 25. Qc2 h5 26. Nxf5 g4 27. hxg4 hxg4 28. Rf4 R8f7 29. Bc3 Rh7 30. g3 Qh5 31. Qg2 Rxf5 32. Rxf5 Bg5 33. d5+ Kg8 34. Bd4 Qh6 35. Rxg5+ Qxg5 36. dxc6
Nxc5 37. c7 1-0


In 1910, the Czech master Jan Kotrc (1862-1943) played 1.Nc3.

Kotrc ? Prochazka, Vienna 1910

1.Nc3 d5 2.e4 d4 3.Nce2 e5 4.d3 c5 5.f4 Nc6 6.Nf3 Qc7 7.g3 Bd6 8.Bg2 Bg4 9.O-O Nf6 10.h3 Bxf3 11.Rxf3 O-O-O 12.c4 exf4 13.gxf4 Be7 14.a3 h6 15.b4 Rdg8 16.b5 Nb8 17.e5 Nfd7 18.Qa4 b6 19.Rf2 g5 20.Ng3 gxf4 21.Nf5 Nxe5 22.Bxf4 Bf6 23.Re1 Nbd7 24.Qa6+ Kb8 25.Kh1 Qc8 26.Rfe2 Qxa6 27.Rxe5 Nxe5 28.Rxe5 Bxe529.Bxe5+ Kc8 30.bxa6 1-0


Efim Bogoljubow played it against Zubarev in Leningrad 1925.

Bogoljubow ? Zubarev, USSR Ch, Leningrad 1925

1.Nc3 d5 2.e4 d4 3.Nce2 e5 4.Nf3 Bd6 5.Ng3 c5 6.Bc4 Nc6 7.d3 Be6 8.Nf5 Bxc4 9.dxc4 Bf8 10.O-O g6 11.Ng3 Bg7 12.Ne1 Nge7 13.Nd3 Qd6 14.f4 f6 15.a3 a5 16.Qg4 h5 17.Qh3 b6 18.fxe5 Nxe5 19.Nxe5 fxe5 20.Bg5 Rf8 21.Ne2 Ng8 22.Rxf8+ Bxf8 23.Rf1 Bg7 24.Nc1 Bf6 25.Qh4 Bxg5 26.Qxg5 Ra7 27.Nd3 Re7 28.b4 Re6 29.bxc5 bxc5 30.Rb1 Nf6 31.Qxg6+ Kd8 32.Rb5 Nd7 33.Qxh5 Rf6 34.h3 Qe6 35.Qh8+ Ke7 36.Rb7 Qc6 37.Qg7+ 1-0

In 1945, the Baden master Leonhard Hanke (1921-2011) started playing 1.Nc3 in southern Germany, and played the opening most of his life.

Hanke ? Vasiukov, World Seniors Ch, 1994

1.Nc3 d5 2.e4 d4 3.Nce2 c5 4.d3 e5 5.f4 f6 6.g3 Nc6 7.Bg2 Bg4 8.h3 Be6 9.Nf3 Nge7 10.O-O c4 11.f5 Bf7 12.dxc4 Bxc4 13.Ne1 Qb6 14.Nd3 O-O-O 15.b3 Bf7 16.Bd2 Kb8 17.Kh2 Nc8 18.Qc1 a5 19.Qb2 Be7 20.Rfb1 Nd6 21.a4 Rd7 22.c4 dxc3 23.Qxc3 Nc8 24.Ra2 Rhd8 25.Ne1 Rxd2 26.Rxd2 Bb4 0-1


In the 1950s, Ted Dunst was playing 1.Nc3 regularly, but may have been playing the opening since the 1930s.

In the 14th correspondence world championship 1994-2000, Correspondence GM Ove Ekebjaerg (1936- ) of Denmark scored 6 out of 7 in his games with White playing 1.Nc3. Ekebjaerg took 2nd in the 14th correspondence world championship.

Morozevich played it against Kasparov in Frankfurt 2000.

Morozevich ? Kasparov, Frankfurt 2000

1.Nc3 c5 2.d4 cxd4 3.Qxd4 Nc6 4.Qh4 Nf6 5.Nf3 d5 6.Bg5 Qa5 7.O-O-O Be6 8.Bd2 g6 9.e4 d4 10.e5 Ng4 11.Nxd4 Nxd4 12.h3 Bg7 13.hxg4 Bxe5 14.a3 Rc8 15.Bd3 Nb3+ 16.cxb3 Bxc3 17.Bxc3 Rxc3+ 18.Kb1 Rxb3 19.Qh2 Qc3 20.Qb8+ Bc8 21.Rd2 O-O 22.Qh2 h5 23.Rhd1 Bxg4 24.f3 Be6 25.g4 hxg4 26.fxg4 Bxg4 27.Rg1 Rxb2+ 28.Rxb2 Qxd3+ 29.Qc2 Qd7 30.Qd2 Qxd2 31.Rxd2 Bf3 32.Kb2 Bc6 33.Kc3 Kg7 34.Kb4 e5 35.a4 a6 36.a5 e4 37.Kc5 Re8 38.Re1 Re6 39.Kd4 f5 40.Rh2 Kf6 41.Rh8 Rd6+ 42.Kc5 Rd5+ 43.Kb6 Rb5+ 44.Kc7 Rxa5 0-1

The names Heinrichsen and Baltic derive from Lithuanian chess player Arved Heinrichsen (1876?1900). The opening was analyzed and played by the New York master Ted A. Dunst in the 1950s, giving the opening its most popular name in the United States. The Dutch International Master and correspondence grandmaster Dirk Daniel van Geet (March 1, 1932 ? April 29, 2012) frequently played 1.Nc3, so it is often called the van Geet's Opening in the Netherlands. Sleipner comes from Germany. Sleipner is Odin?s (Wotan in German) magical eight-legged horse. Czech Jan Kotrč (1862?1943), editor and publisher of the magazine Česk? Listy, said the opening was analyzed by English players. Zvonimir Me?trović (b. October 17, 1944) is a Slovenian International Master who often adopts this opening. Tim Harding refers to it as the "Queen's Knight Attack.? ?National Master Hugh Myers ?called it "Millard's Opening" after Henry Millard (1824?91), a blind correspondence chess player who drew with the opening in a simultaneous exhibition against Joseph Henry Blackburne. Blackburne later played the opening himself against Josef Noa in the London 1883 international chess tournament. ?The German FIDE Master Harald Keilhack in his 2005 book on the opening states that it has also been referred to as the Romanian Defense, and that he prefers "Der Linksspringer" or, in English, "the Knight on the Left.?

Modern chess Openings, 10th editon (1965) by Evans and Korn wrote: THE DUNST OPENING (col. 2) has been analysed an practised by the New York player Ted Dunst. It tempts reckless pawn advantages by Black, a la Alekhine's Defence, and envisages a tour with the Queen's Knight to KN3. A positional game evoking trench warfare with equal chances.

Ted Dunst died on Dec 18, 1985, at the age of 78 in Lambertville, New Jersey.? He is buried in the Holcombe Riverview Cemetery in Lambertville, Hunterdon County, New Jersey.


Correspondence expert Anker Aasum (1940- ) of Norway wrote a book on the opening in 1988.

In 1995, I wrote 1.Nc3 ? Dunst Opening, published by Bob Dudley and Chess Enterprises.? It included over 350 games with 1.Nc3.


In 2003, Harld Keilhack wrote Der Linksspringer.


1.Nc3 a6 ? Dunst, St. George Variation

1.Nc3 c5 2.Rb1 ? Twyble Attack

1.Nc3 c5 2.d4 cxd4 3.Qxd4 Nc6 4.Qh4 ? Novosibirsk variation

1.Nc3 d5 2.e4 d4 3.Nce2 ? van Geet Attack

1.Nc3 d5 2.e4 d4 3.Nce2, followed by 4.g3 ? Lizard Attack

1.Nc3 d5 2.e4 dxe4 3.d3 ? Dunst Gambit

1.Nc3 d5 2.e4 dxe4 3.f3 exf3 4.Qxf3 ? Pseudo-Diemer Gambit

1.Nc3 d5 2.e4 dxe4 3.Nxe4 Qd5 ? Amozon variation

1.Nc3 e5 2.a3 ? Battambang Variation

1.Nc3 e5 2.f4 ? Irish Attack; Polish Attack

1.Nc3 e5 2.Nf3 ? Napoleon Attack

1.Nc3 f5 2.g4 ? Glasscoe Gambit

1.Nc3 g6 2.h4 ? Anti-Pirc Variation

1.Nc3 Nf6 2.g4 ? Tubingen Variation


Akiba Rubinstein ? Dunst, Brooklyn Simul, 1928

1.e4 e6 2.d4 d5 3.Nc3 dxe4 4.Nxe4 Nd7 5.Nf3 Ngf6 6.Nxf6+ Nxf6

7.Bd3 c5 8.O-O Be7 9.dxc5 Bxc5 10.Bg5 O-O 11.Qe2 h6 12.Bh4 Be7

13.Rad1 Qc7 14.Rfe1 Bd7 15.Ne5 Rad8 16.c3 Bc6 17.Nxc6 Qxc6

18.Bb1 g6 19.h3 Rxd1 20.Rxd1 Rd8 21.Rxd8+ Bxd8 22.Qe3 Qd5

23.Qd3 Be7 24.Bxf6 Qxd3 25.Bxd3 Bxf6 26.Kf1 Kf8 27.Ke2 Ke7

28.Bb5 Bg5 29.Kd3 Bf4 30.a4 Bc7 31.b4 Bb6 32.f3 Bd8 33.a5 Bc7

34.a6 b6 35.Bc6 Bd6 36.Kc4 Be5 37.Ba4 f5 38.Bc2 Kd6 39.Ba4 g5

40.Be8 Bf6 41.g4 f4 42.Bg6 Bg7 43.Kd3 Kc6 44.c4 Bf8 45.Be8+

Kc7 46.Ke4 Kd8 47.Bf7 Ke7 48.Bg8 Kf6 49.c5 bxc5 50.b5 c4 51.b6

Bc5 52.b7 Bd6 53.Kd4 e5+ 54.Kxc4 Ke7 55.Kd5 Bb8 1/2-1/2


Fred Reinfeld ? Dunst, Marshall CC Ch 1931

1.d4 Nc6 2.e4 d5 3.Nc3 dxe4 4.d5 Nb8 5.Bf4 Nf6 6.Bc4 g6 7.Qd2

Bg7 8.O-O-O O-O 9.Nge2 Bg4 10.h3 Bxe2 11.Qxe2 Nbd7 12.Nxe4

Nxe4 13.Qxe4 Nc5 14.Qe3 Na4 15.c3 Qd7 16.h4 b5 17.Bb3 b4

18.Be5 f6 19.Bd4 Kh8 20.h5 Nb6 21.hxg6 Nxd5 22.Rxh7+ Kg8

23.Bxf6 1-0


Dunst ? Gisela Gresser, New York 1950

1.Nc3 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.d4 exd4 4.Nxd4 Nf6 5.Bg5 d5 6.e4 Be7

7.Bb5 Bd7 8.exd5 Nxd5 9.Nxd5 Bxg5 10.Qe2+ Ne7 11.Qe5 Bxb5

12.Nxc7+ Kf8 13.Nde6+ 1-0


Dunst ? K. Slater, Marshall CC Ch Preliminaries, 1955

1.Nc3 d5 2.e4 Nf6 3.Qe2 dxe4 4.Nxe4 e6 5.g3 Bd7 6.Bg2 Nxe4 7.Bxe4 Bc6 8.d3 Bxe4 9.dxe4 Nc6 10.Nf3 Bd6 11.O-O Qe7 12.Qb5 O-O-O 13.Be3 Qf6 14.Kg2 h6 15.Qa4 a6 16.Rab1 g5 17.h3 Rhg8 18.b4 g4 19.hxg4 Rxg4 20.b5 axb5?! (20.Qg6 bxc6 21.Rxg3+ 22.fxg3 Qxg3+ =) 21.Qxb5 Qg6 22.e5 Rg8?! (22?Bb4)23.Bg5 Nxe5? (23.Bb4) 24.Qxb7+ Kd7 25.Nxe5+ Bxe5 26.Qb5+ Kc8 27.Qb7+ Kd7 28.Rfd1+ Bd6? (28?Bd4) 29.Rxd6+ Kxd6 30.Rd1+ Ke5 31.Qb5+ (31?Ke4 32.f3 mate)? 1-0? (source: Chess Review, Feb 1956, p. 56)


Dunst ? Jack Collins, Marshall CC Ch 1955

1. e3 Nf6 2. f4 g6 3. Nf3 Bg7 4. g3 b6 5. Bg2 Bb7 6. O-O O-O 7. d3 d6 8. e4? Nbd7 9. Nc3 c5 10. Qe2 Rc8 11. e5 Nd5 12. e6 Nxc3 13. bxc3 Bxf3 14. Bxf3 fxe6? 15. Qxe6+ Kh8 16. Bd2 Nf6 17. Rae1 Rc7 18. c4 Qc8 19. Qxc8 Rfxc8 20. Re6 Ng8? 21. Rfe1 Rf8 22. Bd5 Rf6 23. R6e2 e5 24. Bc3 Rf8 25. fxe5 dxe5 26. Bxe5 Bxe5? 27. Rxe5 Nf6 28. Re7 Rxe7 29. Rxe7 Rd8 30. Bf3 Rd7 31. Rxd7 Nxd7 32. Kf2 Kg7? 33. Ke3 Kf6 34. Ke4 Ne5 35. Be2 Ke6 36. c3 Kd6 37. d4 cxd4 38. cxd4 Nc6 39. a3? Na5 40. Bd3 Nc6 41. Ke3 Nd8 42. h4 Ke6 43. h5 Kf6 44. hxg6 hxg6 45. Ke4 Ke6 46.? c5 bxc5 47. dxc5 Nc6 48. Bc4+ Kf6 49. Kd5 Ne7+ 50. Kd6 Nf5+ 51. Kd7 Nxg3 52. c6? Nf5 53. c7 Ne7 54. c8=Q Nxc8 55. Kxc8 Ke5 56. a4 Kd4 57. Bf7 g5 58. a5 g4 59.? Be6 g3 60. Bh3 Ke3 61. Bg2 1-0


Drakert ? Dunst, Marshall CC Ch 1955

1. d4 Nc6 2. Nf3 d6 3. g3 g6 4. Bg2 Bg7 5. c3 Nf6 6. e4 Nxe4 7. d5 Bd7 8. dxc6? Bxc6 9. O-O O-O 10. Nd4 Qd7 11. Nxc6 Qxc6 12. Nd2 f5 13. Qb3+ Kh8 14. Nxe4 fxe4? 15. Qe6 d5 16. Qxe7 Rf5 17. Be3 Raf8 18. Qc5 Qa4 19. Bh3 b6 20. Qxc7 Be5 21.? Qb7 R5f7 22. Qxd5 Bg7 23. Bd4 Qc2 24. Bxg7+ Kxg7 25. Qe5+ 1-0


Dunst ? Edmar Mednis, Marshall CC Ch 1955

1.Nc3 c5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.g3 g6 4.Bg2 Bg7 5.d3 d6 6.O-O Nf6 7.h3

O-O 8.Kh2 Rb8 9.a4 a6 10.e4 b5 11.axb5 axb5 12.Be3 Ne8 13.d4

cxd4 14.Nxd4 Bd7 15.Nd5 Ne5 16.b3 b4 17.Qd2 Nc6 18.Nxc6 Bxc6

19.Nxb4 Bb5 20.Ra7 Nc7 21.Rb1 Qc8 22.c3 Bd7 23.c4 f5 24.exf5

Rxf5 25.Nc6 Bxc6 26.Bxc6 Rh5 27.Bg2 Qf5 28.Qd1 Ne6 29.Rxe7 Kf8

30.Qxd6 Be5 31.Qxe6 Qxb1 32.Bc5 1-0


Dunst ? J. Donovan, Marshall CC ch 1955

1. c4 e5 2. Nc3 Nf6 3. e3 d5 4. cxd5 Nxd5 5. Nf3 Nxc3 6. bxc3 Nc6 7. d4 exd4 8.? exd4 Bd6 9. Bd3 O-O 10. O-O Bg4 11. Rb1 Rb8 12. Rb5 a6 13. Rg5 f5 14. h3 h6 15.? hxg4 hxg5 16. Nxg5 f4 17. Qb3+ Kh8 18. Nf7+ Rxf7 19. Qxf7 Qh4 20. Re1 g5 21.? Qf6+ Kg8 22. Bc4+ Kh7 23. Qf7+ Kh8 24. Re8+ Rxe8 25. Qxe8+ Kg7 26. Qf7+ Kh6 27.? Bd3 1-0


Dunst ? Saidy, Marshall CC ch 1955

1. Nc3 c5 2. Nf3 Nc6 3. g3 d5 4. Bg2 d4 5. Nb1 Nf6 6. d3 g6 7. O-O Bg7 8. e3? O-O 9. Nbd2 h6 10. Nc4 Be6 11. exd4 cxd4 12. b3 Nd5 13. a4 Qc7 14. Bd2 Rac8 15.? Qe2 Rfd8 16. Nh4 g5 17. Nf3 Ncb4 18. Be1 b6 19. h4 g4 20. Nh2 Qd7 21. f3 h5 22.? Rf2 Nc6 23. Nf1 Ne3 24. Bh1 Nxc4 25. bxc4 Bxc4 26. fxg4 hxg4 27. Qd2 Bd5 28.? Qf4 Ne5 29. Bxd5 Qxd5 30. Nh2 f5 31. Bb4 Nc6 32. Ba3 e6 33. Qg5 Qe5 34. Nf1 Qf6? 35. Qf4 Qe5 36. Qg5 Qf6 37. Qf4 Rd5 38. Re1 Re5 39. Rxe5 Qxe5 40. Qg5 Qf6 41.? Qf4 Ne5 42. Nh2 Qh6 43. Qxh6 Bxh6 44. Kf1 Be3 45. Re2 Nf3 46. c4 e5 47. Bb4 e4? 48. dxe4 Rxc4 49. Bd6 Rc1+ 50. Kg2 Rg1# 0-1


Dunst ? A. Bernstein, Marshall CC ch 1955

1. f4 d5 2. e3 Nf6 3. Nf3 g6 4. d4 Bg7 5. Bd3 Nbd7 6. c4 c5 7. Nc3 cxd4 8. Nxd4? dxc4 9. Bxc4 O-O 10. O-O e5 11. Nf3 exf4 12. exf4 Ng4 13. Kh1 Nb6 14. Bxf7+? Kxf7 15. Qb3+ Kf6 16. f5 Bh6 17. h3 Bxc1 18. hxg4 Bf4 19. Ne4+ Kg7 20. Rad1 Qc7? 21. f6+ Kh8 22. g3 Qc4 23. Qa3 Bxg4 24. Qe7 Bxf3+ 25. Rxf3 Qf7 26. Qxf7 Rxf7? 27. Rxf4 Raf8 28. Rd6 Rd7 29. Re6 Nd5 30. Rh4 h5 31. g4 Nf4 32. Re5 Kg8 33. g5? Nd3 34. Rb5 Re8 35. Nc3 Nf2+ 36. Kg2 Ng4 37. Rxg4 hxg4 38. Kg3 Re3+ 39. Kf4? Red3 40. Ne4 R3d4 41. Re5 g3 42. Kxg3 R4d5 43. Re8+ Kf7 44. Rc8 Rb5 45. Nc5 Rd6? 46. Rc7+ Ke8 47. Re7+ Kf8 48. b3 Rxc5 49. Rxb7 Rxg5+ 50. Kf4 a5 0-1


Dunst ? L. Levy, Marshall CC ch 1955

1. Nc3 d5 2. e4 Nf6 3. exd5 Nxd5 4. Bc4 e6 5. Nf3 Be7 6. O-O O-O 7. d4 Nc6 8.? Ne4 b6 9. c3 Bb7 10. Bd3 Nf6 11. Nfg5 Nxe4 12. Nxe4 Qd5 13. Qf3 Rfd8 14. Bc2 e5? 15. Re1 exd4 16. Bb3 Ne5 17. Qg3 Qa5 18. Ng5 Bd6 19. Bf4 Re8 20. cxd4 Nc4 21.? Be5 Bxe5 22. dxe5 Rxe5 23. Rxe5 Nxe5 24. f4 h6 25. Re1 Qc5+ 26. Kh1 hxg5 27.? fxe5 Bd5 28. Bxd5 Qxd5 29. e6 fxe6 30. Qxc7 Qxa2 31. Qc3 Qd5 32. h3 Rf8 33. Qc2? Qf5 34. Qc4 Qd5 35. Qg4 Rf6 36. Rc1 Qf5 37. Qc4 Qf4 38. Qc8+ Kh7 39. Qc2+ Qf5? 40. Qd2 Qd5 41. Qe3 Qf5 42. Qe2 b5 43. Ra1 g4 44. Qxg4 Qxg4 45. hxg4 Rf2 46.? Rxa7 Kg6 47. Ra6 Kf6 48. g5+ Ke5 49. Ra7 g6 50. Rg7 Rxb2 51. Rxg6 b4 52. Rg8 b3? 53. Rb8 Kf4 54. Kh2 Kxg5 55. Kg3 Rb1 56. Rb5+ Kf6 57. Kg4 b2 58. g3 e5 59. Rb6+? Kf7 60. Kg5 e4 61. Rf6+ Ke7 62. Rf2 Ke6 63. g4 Ke5 64. Kg6 e3 65. Rh2 Kf4 66.? g5 Kg3 67. Rc2 Kf3 0-1


Santasiere ? Dunst, Marshall CC ch 1955

1. f4 d5 2. Nf3 Nf6 3. e3 g6 4. Be2 Bg7 5. O-O O-O 6. Ne5 c5 7. Bf3 Nbd7 8. Qe2? Nxe5 9. fxe5 Ne8 10. d4 Nc7 11. b3 Ne6 12. Bb2 b6 13. c4 Ba6 14. Nc3 cxd4 15.? Nxd5 Bxe5 16. Rfd1 Bb7 17. exd4 Bg7 18. Qe3 Re8 19. Rd2 Nf8 20. Re1 Ne6 21. g3? Qd7 22. Bg4 Rad8 23. Nf4 Bh6 24. Bxe6 fxe6 25. Rde2 Bc8 26. Qxe6+ Qxe6 27. Nxe6? Bxe6 28. Rxe6 Rf8 29. Rxe7 Rf3 30. Re8+ Rxe8 31. Rxe8+ Kf7 32. Re2 Rd3 33. d5? Be3+ 34. Kg2 Bc5 35. Bc1 Rd1 36. Bf4 Kf6 37. h4 Kf5 38. Re5+ Kf6 39. Re6+ Kf5? 40. Bg5 Ra1 41. Re2 Rg1+ 42. Kh2 Rd1 43. Rd2 Rxd2+ 44. Bxd2 b5 45. b4 Bd4 46.? c5 Ke5 47. c6 Bb6 48. c7 Bxc7 49. Bf4+ Kxd5 50. Bxc7 1-0


Radspinner ? Dunst, Marshall CC ch 1956

1.d4 Nc6 2.c4 e5 3.d5 Nce7 4.e4 Ng6 5.Bd3 Bc5 6.Nf3 d6 7.Be3

Bxe3 8.fxe3 Nh6 9.Qe2 O-O 10.h3 f5 11.exf5 Nxf5 12.Bxf5 Bxf5

13.Nc3 e4 14.Nd4 Qh4+ 15.Kd2 Ne5 16.Raf1 Bd7 17.b3 Nd3 18.Nd1

a6 19.a4 b5 20.Rxf8+ Rxf8 21.Rf1 Rb8 22.Kc3 bxa4 23.Nf2 Ne5

24.b4 c5 25.dxc6 Nxc6 26.Nxc6 Bxc6 27.Nd1 Qe7 28.Qh5 d5

29.cxd5 Qxb4+ 30.Kc2 Qc4+ 31.Kd2 Qxf1 32.dxc6 Rd8+ 33.Kc1 Qc4+

34.Kb1 Qd3+ 35.Kb2 Rb8+ 0-1


James Gore ? Dunst, Marshall CC ch 1956

1.d4 Nc6 2.c4 e5 3.d5 Nce7 4.e4 Ng6 5.Be3 Bb4+ 6.Nc3 Qe7 7.Qd2

Bc5 8.Bxc5 Qxc5 9.Nb5 a5 10.d6 cxd6 11.Qxd6 Qxd6 12.Nxd6+ Ke7

13.c5 Nh6 14.Nc4 Re8 15.Nf3 Kf8 16.Rd1 Nf4 17.Nb6 Rb8 18.g3

Ne6 19.Rd5 f6 20.Bb5 Nc7 21.Bxd7 Nxd5 22.exd5 Rd8 23.Bb5 Bh3

24.Rg1 Ng8 25.Nd2 Ne7 26.d6 Nc6 27.Bxc6 bxc6 1-0


Dunst ? Osher, New York 1956

1.Nc3 d5 2.e4 d4 3.Nce2 c5 4.Ng3 g6 5.Bc4 Nc6 6.d3 Bg7 7.f4

Nf6 8.Nf3 a6 9.a4 Na5 10.Ba2 O-O 11.O-O Nc6 12.h3 b6 13.Bd2

Bb7 14.Bc4 Na7 15.f5 b5 16.Ba2 Nd7 17.fxg6 hxg6 18.Ng5 Bf6

19.Qg4 Bxg5 20.Qxg5 e6 21.Qh6 Qc7 22.Bf4 Qd8 23.Bg5 Qc7 24.Rf6

Qe5 25.Bxe6 1-0


Dunst ? Ed Stoddard, 45th CCLA Grand National Finals, 1979

1. Nc3 c5 2. e4 Nc6 3. g3 g6 4. Bg2 Bg7 5. d3 d6 6. f4 e6 7. Nf3 Nge7 8. O-O O-O 9. Be3 Nd4 10. Rb1 Rb8 11. Ne2 Nxf3+ 12. Bxf3 b6 13. d4 Qc7 14. c3 Bb7 15. Qd3 f5 16. Rbd1 c4 17. Qc2 fxe4 18. Bxe4 Nd5 19. Qd2 b5 20. a3 a5 21. Bg2 Qb6 22. Bf2 b4 23. Rb1 Bc6 24. Qc2 Qa6 25. Rfe1 Nf6 26.axb4 Bxg2 27. Kxg2 Qc6+ 28. Kg1 axb4 29. h3 Ne4 30. Be3 Rb7 31. Ra1 b3 32. Qd1 Qd5 33. Kh2 Rbf7 34. Ra4 g5 $1 35. Rg1 Kh8 36. Qa1 e5 37. Ra5 Qb7 38. dxe5 dxe5 39. Ra7 Qd5 40. Rxf7 Qxf7 41. Rg2 exf4 42. gxf4 gxf4 43. Bxf4 Qf5 44. Qa3 Be5 45. Qxf8+ Qxf8 46. Bxe5+ Nf6 47.Nf4 Qe7 48. Rg5? 1-0


Anker Aasum of Norway is the author of 1.Nc3, Sleipner-Eroffnung, written in 1988.? He posed several questions about the opening in his chess newsletter, Sleipner International News.

His first question was on the variation, 1.Nc3 d5 2.e3 e5 3.Qh5, which he attributes to Bernhard Geismann, who calls it the Cerro-Torre. The earliest game that I know with this variation is from Cappello-Galardini, Corr. 1966. The game continued, 3...Qd6 4.d4 exd4 5.exd4 c6 6.Bg5 Qg6 7.Qe2+ and White won in 17 moves. I played the same variation. Bill Wall - Springfield, Internet 2005 1.Nc3 d5 2.e3 e5 3.Qh5 Bd6? 4.Nxd5 g6 5.Qf3 c6 6.Nc3 Nf6 7.Bc4 b5 8.Bxb5 e4 9.Nxe4 Nxe4 10.Qxe4+ Qe7 11.Bxc6+ Nxc6 12.Qxc6+ 1-0.

Question 2 dealt with the variation 1.Nc3 d5 2.e4 e5. The earliest game that I know is from Barry-Merrill, Massachusetts 1962. The game continued 3.Nxd5 f5 4.Bc4 Qh4 5.Nxc7+ and White won in 18 moves. I ran into this variation in 1999. Bill Wall - RTK, Internet 1999. 1.Nc3 d5 2.e4 e5 3.Nxd5 Be6 4.Bc4 Bc5 5.Nf3 Nf6 6.Nxf6+ Qxf6 7.Bxe6 fxe6 8.de3 O-O 9.O-O Qg6 10.Nxe5 and I won in 19 moves. In another game, I played 1.Nc3 d5 2.e4 e5 3.exd5 Bf5 4.Nf3 Na6 5.Bb5+ Bd7 6.Bxa6 bxa6 7.Qe2 f6 8.d4, and I eventually won, Wall-Jeremiah, Internet 1999.

Question 3 dealt with the variation 1.Nc3 d5 2.Nf3, Lean's Opening. This comes from Lean-Apscheneek, Bromley 1925. That game continued, 2...d4 3.Ne4 f5 4.Ng3 c5 5.e4 fxe4 6.Nxe4 Qd5 7.Bb5+ and White won in 36 moves. I ran into it in 2001 with this game. MuddCrust-Wall, Internet 2001 1.Nc3 d5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.e3 e6 4.b3 Nf6 5.Ng5 e5 6.Qf3 h6 7.Nh3 Nb4 8.Bd3?? e4 and I easily won. I tried the same variation recently as White. Bill Wall - DeDios, Internet 2005, 1.Nc3 d5 2.Nf3 d4 3.Nb1 h6 4.c3 Nc6 5.cxd4 Nxd4 6.Qa4+ Nc6 7.Nc3 a6 8.d4 b5? 9.Nxb5 and I won in 16 moves.

Question 4 dealt with the variation 1.Nc3 d5 2.e4 dxe4 3.Nxe4 Qd5. Aasum calls this the Mailfert Variation. This variation seemed to appear in 1992 in Germany. I have seen at least a dozen games with this new variation.

Question 5 dealt with the variation 1.Nc3 d5 2.e4 d4 3.Nde2 e5 4.Ng3 Be6 5.Nf3 f6. The first game I can find with this variation is Figuero-Marcussi, Buenos Aires 1963. The game continued 6.Bb5+ c6 7.Ba4 Nd7 8.Bb3 Nc5 9.Bxe6 Nxe6 10.d3 and White won in 41 moves.

Question 6 dealt with the variation 1.Nc3 d5 2.f4 (rare) c5 3.Nd3 d4 4.Ne4 e6 5.b4.

Question 7 dealt with 1.Nc3 e5 2.d4, Blake's Opening and 1.Nc3 e5 2.Nf3, Napoleon's Attack (from a supposed Napoleon Bonaparte vs Madame De Remusat in 1804). The earlist game I can find on 1.Nc3 e5 2.d4 is Viner-Watson, Brisbane 1924.

Question 8 dealt with 1.Nc3 e5 2.Nf3 d6, the Philidor Invitation, and is it better than 1.Nc3 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.d4 exd4. An example of the first variation is this: Pizza-Wall, Internet 2001. 1.Nc3 e5 2.Nf3 d6 3.e3 Nc6 4.d4 Bg4 5.dxe5 dxe5 6.Nd5 e4 7.h3 Be6 0-1.

Question 9 dealt with 1.Nc3 c5 2.d4 cxd4 3.Qxd4 Nc6 4.Qh4, which Aasum calls the Novosibirian Adventure or the Czrenner Variation. It was first played by Czrenner-Olah, Corr. 1969. The game continued 4...Nf6 5.Bd2 e6 6.g4 Be7 7.g5, and White won in 32 moves.

Question 10 dealt with 1.Nc3 c5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.d4 cxd4 4.Nxd4 g6 5.Be3. Dirk van Geet played this variation in 1966 against Haase and in 1967 against Langeweg.

Questions 11 and 12 dealt with 1.Nc3 Nf6 2.g4, the Tubingen Gambit. Van Geet was playing this in 1958. I played it in a recent game. Wall-SurfRook, Internet 2005. 1.Nc3 Nf6 2.g4 Nxg4 3.e4 d6 4.Bc4 e5 5.d3 Qf6 6.Nf3 Nc6 7.Bg5 Qg6 8.Nd5 Kd7 9.h3 Nf6 10.Rg1 Nd4 11.Nh4 1-0.

Question 13 dealt with 1.Nc3 Nf6 and White's other second moves. This included 2.e3, 2.Nf3, 2.d3 (Joel Benjamin variation), 2.a3 (Leeners variation), 2.f4 (Aasum's variation), 2.g3 (Demian's variation), 2.f3 (Schlenker's variation), 2.h4 (Terence Taylor's variation), 2.d4, 2.Rb1, 2.b3, and 2.e4.

Question 14 dealt with 1.Nc3 g6 2.h4. The earliest game I can find with this move is Van Geet-Crabbendam, Amsterdam 1969.

Question 15 dealt with 1.Nc3 e6 2.Nh3 and 1.Nc3 b6 2.Nh3.

Question 16 dealt with 1.Nc3 a6. This is an idea from Hugh Myers, who first played it in 1981.